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Transit cop got fair trial, deserves her six-month jail term for macing, beating up a woman at Roxbury bus station, court rules

The Massachusetts Court of Appeals today upheld a six-month jail sentence for Jennifer Garvey, convicted on two counts of assault and battery for pepper-spraying a woman in the eyes at close range and beating her with a baton after the woman tried to comfort another woman who'd been reported as drunk on a bus at the then Dudley T stop in 2014.

Garvey was convicted in 2017.

In its ruling, the appeals court ruled the judge who tried Garvey in a jury-waived trial did nothing wrong in ruling that Garvey attacked Mary Holmes and used excessive force even though Holmes was not yet under arrest and was complying with Garvey's demand to back up when Garvey sprayed her and then beat her hard enough on the legs that she later required stitches.

Garvey's attorney argued that even aside from any problems, the evidence simply wasn't strong enough to convict, that her use of force was, in fact, "necessary and reasonable." The appeals court disagreed.

Officer Curry [another T cop at the scene] testified that, prior to being sprayed, Holmes was not acting in a disorderly manner, was not using abusive language, and did not interfere with the officers' ability to work with Williams [the woman detained as being drunk in public]. Most notably, Officer Curry testified that, pursuant to the MBTA use of force policy, OC spray was only to be used by an officer when a person was engaging in active resistance, rather than passive resistance. Officer Curry, who was present during the event and subsequently watched the video recordings, testified that at no point was Holmes engaging in active resistance sufficient to warrant the deployment of OC spray.

Furthermore, Holmes testified herself that she had not bumped the defendant or interfered with the officers prior to being sprayed.She testified that she was calling911, felt the defendant pushing her back, and despite the fact that Holmes began walking backward on her own, the defendant pepper sprayed her twice in the eyes.Finally, a third-party witness who was present at the scene, Vanessa Ford, testified that Holmes did not hit, bump, or threaten the defendant prior to being pepper sprayed twice in the eyes.The judge not only heard all of this testimony, but he also watched the video recordings of the interaction, which provided four different viewpoints of the event, and heard the audio recording of the 911 call. All of this evidence, and the rational inferences drawn therefrom, viewed in light most favorable to the Commonwealth was more than sufficient for the judge to reasonably find that the defendant's use of the OC spray was unreasonable and unnecessary under the circumstances.

The appeals court made a similar finding for Garvey's other conviction for the baton beating, and said that while people are generally not supposed to fight back when being arrested, and that police are allowed to use a certain amount of force to make a combative person submit to an arrestt, hat wasn't the case here because Garvey didn't tell Holmes she was under arrest until after she'd sprayed her in the eyes.

There was sufficient evidence to show that Holmes's use of force, the flailing and swinging of her arms,was in fact a reasonable reaction to being pepper sprayed. Once Holmes was sprayed in the eyes, the defendant and Officer Trinh immediately grabbed each side of her body. Officer Trinh testified that Holmes began to swing her arms, and ended up striking the officers, although he described the strike he received as "insignificant. " Holmes testified that she was swinging her arms to maintain her balance and remain steady on her feet while the officers were pulling her to the ground. 10She testified that she never intentionally hit one of the officers. The judge, as fact finder, was not required to credit testimony by the defendant or her expert that Holmes escalated the level of force by punching and kicking the defendant, especially where both Officers Trinh and Curry testified to the contrary. Viewing this testimony in light most favorable to the Commonwealth, a rational judge could conclude that Holmes's reaction was reasonable in these circumstances, and was thus privileged by self-defense.

It then follows that the judge could rationally conclude that the defendant's use of the baton was an unreasonable response to the reasonable force employed by Holmes. At trial, the judge had the benefit of watching several video recordings of the encounter between the defendant and Holmes, including the defendant's use of the baton and the events leading up to the several baton strikes. Officer Curry testified that he did not observe Holmes do anything, other than struggle with the officers, that would have necessitated the use of the baton. And again,Officer Trinh testified that he did not deem the use of the baton necessary during that struggle. Where the defendant initiated the encounter with Holmes by using unreasonable and unnecessary force, and Holmes responded to this unjustified force with reasonable force, a rational judge could certainly conclude that the defendant's subsequent use of force --several baton strikes --was unreasonable and unnecessary, and therefore not justified by the police privilege.

PDF icon Complete ruling103.98 KB

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Are heavy handed when it comes to dealing with members of the minority community.

Voting closed 6

...is my surprised face.

Voting closed 27

Maybe this is a systematic issue within that organization. How many officers can this happen to before someone at the AG’s office or the Governors office starts looking at the bigger problem here? One officer, maybe even two officers people could make it an individual problem officer issue, but when multiple, multiple officers are facing similar issues from the same agency someone from higher above should be paying closer attention and calling into question what is really happening.

An independent outside agency should be internally investigating this agency for the clear lack of leadership, training, poor administration, cultural issues, and biases within the agency.
One must wonder why is this agency the only one consistently in the news for similar incidents?
There are a number of issues that extend far beyond this case that should be investigated.

And officers testifying against their own happens frequently when all of a sudden they themselves face indictments. They flip on a dime.

Voting closed 19

I don't know much about how the ins and outs of the Transit police job goes, but I do know they have an odd shifting schedule and forced overtime protocol (you can get forced to work on your days off instead of the standard next shift force). The State Police have also hired a lot and have taken many from these ranks along with the BPD.

When you get a lot of openings like that, you tend to hire from the bottom of the barrel with applicants with low test scores and possibly shakier backgrounds.

I always thought it was a good job that paid well however so I'm not so sure?

Voting closed 16

Accountability is a requirement of community trust.

Also, I know this will come as a complete shock to anyone following the pattern of police brutalizing and killing citizens, but to answer the question: yes, the cop Garvey is white and the victim of the assault Holmes is Black.

”But why do you have make everything about race!?”, some will say. I’m not. I’m merely pointing out that this incident fits into a larger pattern that we’ve all seen with our own eyes in high relief for the past 7-8 years (or longer for those really paying attention).

And for anyone wondering, the video can be found here:

Voting closed 6

The judge did acquit her of a civil-rights charge.

Voting closed 24

I can’t help be struck by the fact that the majority of excessive force cases I’ve heard of have been male officers and I cannot recall ever hearing of these officers serving jail time. This Officer’s colleagues have no problem disparaging her actions which is not usually how it goes down when the accused is male. They should all serve jail time for assaulting civilians who are compliant. So not only is the crime part of a larger pattern, the response/sentencing seems to be as well. All of it is disgusting.

Voting closed 23

You know it's bad when her fellow officers testified against her.

Voting closed 47